Categories
Healthcare

How will you identify what you might have missed by not asking more about specific questions?

Data Sources, Data Preparation and Analysis Plan –Qualitative (100 points): This
assignment (and the parallel one for your quantitative component) requires each student
individually to develop key components of a proposal for a qualitative public health research
project. You do not conduct the study in this course: our focus is on learning to plan research. In
this assignment, you describe how you intend to address the research project questions from a
qualitative perspective. Qualitative research can provide important perspectives on peoples’
experiences, program operations, and policy implementation that can have direct impacts on
theory, practice, and policy in public health. These same methods can also be used to
contextualize, develop measures, and develop conceptual frames or hypotheses for quantitative
research. In this plan, the student needs to explain the qualitative methods you will use
answering your research question and what you expect to find/contribute to the literature. This
plan includes a clear statement of research goals and justifications for these goals, a specific
statement of the sources of data for your analysis and a justification for using primary or
secondary sources. If the student is proposing primary data as the source (such as interviews with
community members, thought leaders, clinicians etc.) you need to include a description of the
sampling approach and data collection methods (including recruitment, informed consent,
procedures and questions). If the student is using program products (such as curriculum
materials, clinical notes, meeting reports) they must also explain how they will identify and
select these. If relevant, each student must address how they will assess saturation for the
qualitative interview sample. Whatever the proposed data sources, the student needs to explain
the procedures to prepare data for analysis. Students must explain their plan to derive key
concepts, identify comparative factors, and adoption of grounded theory, narrative or linguistic
analysis approach. If the plan is to develop a narrative analysis, the student must explain how
they will address temporal changes, differences in perspective, and gaps in available data.
Whatever the focus and data for this qualitative component, they must describe and justify the
approach in detail. The draft of this assignment will be reviewed by the professor and feedback
will be provided in a team meeting.
This assignment (and the parallel one for your quantitative component) has you draft the most important sections of the Methods Chapter a, thesis or the methods section in a journal articles. This report provides and overview of how you intend to address the research project questions from a qualitative perspective. Qualitative research can provide important perspectives on people’s experiences, program operations, and policy implementation that can have direct impacts of theory, practice, and policy in public health. These same methods can also be used to contextualize, develop measures, and develop conceptual frames or hypotheses for quantitative research. In this plan, you need to explain the role that qualitative methods will have in answering your research question and how the particular purpose for this qualitative component is best met through your proposed methods. This plan includes a specific statement of the sources of data for your analysis and a justification for using primary or secondary sources. If you are proposing primary data as the source (such as interviews with community members, thought leaders, clinicians etc.) you need to include a description of the sampling approach and data collection methods (including recruitment, informed consent, procedures and questions). If you are using program products (such as curriculum materials, clinical notes, meeting reports) you must also explain how you will identify and select these. If relevant, you must address how you will assess saturation for the qualitative interview sample. Whatever your data source, you need to explain the procedures you will use to prepare data for analysis and to create measures of key constructs. Overall your strategies in this analysis and presentation of the study must also be described. You also need to document the potential limitations of your study.
Here is a recommended 10 section outline. The whole paper should be 10 pages or less single-spaced.
1) Introduction: Restate the gap in the literature that motivates your study and the research question(s). Describe the overall goal of the study, explaining whether it is about sense-making, describing the health-relevant features of a community or system, or understanding the evolution and implementation of a policy or program.
2) Research Approach: Describe your overall approach to this research, citing prior studies as methodological models. Clarify which factors related to your study constructs you will control (i will study people who do and don’t have colon cancer) and which you will explore (i will ask about their spiritual beliefs and experiences of pain) (i will review websites and conduct interviews…..and assess how much they are accessible to non-English speakers.)
3) Sample acquisition: how will you select units (persons, communities, or provider organizations)====what are the inclusion and exclusion rule. Describe how you will find these units and how many you will find. For example, I will complete 4 focus groups with parents whose children attend ECE in different parts of the county. Each focus group will have up to 10 people who are the primary caregivers for a child in the program)
4) Data collection: explain the entire procedure how the data will be collected. How the sessions will be moderated. What questions will be asked to individuals or posed to groups? How the data will be transcribed using a tape and software? (your data may be in other forms—for example, it might consist of lessons plans from multiple health education providers or hospital financial reports or mapping of resources—-you would still explain how you obtained it or how the source created secondary data.)
5) Human subjects. What will you do to protect the privacy and safety of project participants? Will you need and apply for IRB approval? )
6) Data preparation provide a short summary of the data that you will derive from the information you collected. Will it be in the form of transcriptions of recorded interviews, notes from focus groups, clinical records, programmatic materials etc.? Will the data be stored in a qualitative research analysis program such as NVivo and will this software be used to support analysis? If data is collected in another language, how will it be translated?
7) Development of key constructs and variables: Describe in as much detail as possible how you identify key constructs and how you will code data based on these constructs to create variables. If you propose to use grounded theory or narrative analysis approaches, describe how you will identify constructs by coding and recoding snippets of data. If you are applying an existing typology or the categories of a theory, how will you code snippets of data or extended narratives into the categories. (For example, if you are thinking that the health beliefs model is relevant to your analysis, how will you decide what data is relevant to beliefs about susceptibility, severity, benefits and self-efficacy and then what it shows about each of these beliefs in relation to your questions? If you are describing a system of care, dimensions of the description (for example, available, accessible, affordable) will you apply and how will you decide which data is related to each of these? How will you determine if construct saturation has been achieved and if your sample is large enough to produce reliable data?
8) Exploring relationships among variables: describe in as much detail as possible how you compare findings on key constructs between units. For example, if you collect data on affordability of programs, how will compare what you find from each program to the others and how will you develop a summary. For example, if you are exploring how educators think about their students in urban and rural programs, how will you compare themes reflected in their statements and develop ideas about how the two groups are similar and different?
9) Presenting evidence and conclusions: describe how you will present your findings so that readers can understand what you learned. Will you show examples of each major theme in text or summarize these observations in sections of text? Will you show how different groups or different agencies differ on these themes in a figure that highlights differences. If you are applying a typology or an existing theory, how will you show what you learned about the variations in your data related to each major category or construct in model you are using, (By the way, you might want to count how often a particular theme occurs in order to highlight its importance to your respondents but don’t propose a quantitative table that counts how many people in each of two or more groups express each theme since this would be treating the qualitative data as if it were derived from a representative sample.)
10) Identifying limitations and threats to validity: describe how you will identify threats to validity and other limitations to your study. Will you describe saturation of themes to demonstrate an adequate sample? Will you compare your study participants to a larger demographic or epidemiological data set to provide evidence for its representativeness? How will you identify what you might have missed by not asking more about specific questions? How will get at the candidness, depth of reflection, quality of memories from your participants or the capacity and willingness of agencies to provide complete information? How will you summarize these observations to draw conclusions about the overall potential validity of your study?

Categories
English

Provide a brief description of at least two sources that support the key points of your argument.

Overview
Persuasion is a constant in each of our lives. No matter where we look, what we read, what we see, or whom we interact with, we inevitably encounter some form of persuasion. Advertisements want us to buy things. Media outlets sometimes want to convince us of how we should feel about events. We are put into positions where we must defend our thoughts and beliefs to others, and the process we apply is typically some form of persuasion.
Persuasive writing is a powerful form of writing—it can influence one’s thoughts and has the ability to change minds about an issue. A persuasive essay is an ideal tool for supporting an opinion on an issue using researched facts and information. It also gives you, as the writer, the chance to recognize an opposing viewpoint and refute it, noting that at least part of the intended audience of the piece will be people who hold that opposing viewpoint.
Prompt
For this assignment, you will use a guided prompt to write notes that will help you better understand how to approach the persuasive essay. As you complete this assignment, remember to apply what you have learned in Modules One and Two in the course when discussing your issue. Then in Module Three, you will build upon these writing notes to prepare a more refined writing plan, which will help to prepare you to draft your persuasive essay.
Use these writing notes as a way to gather your thoughts and determine your strategy for writing your persuasive essay. This process will allow you to develop a potential structure for effectively persuading readers to agree with your argument. Additionally, these notes will help keep your thought processes on track when you begin writing and revising your essay.
Specifically, you must address the following rubric criteria:
Describe the argument to be addressed in your persuasive essay. Explain how the argument relates to your major, the major you are considering pursuing, or your field of work.
Make certain your topic is debatable. Are you able to see at least two perspectives to this argument?
Identify the potential challenges you may encounter in supporting your argument with a specific audience.
First, state the audience you will be writing to.
Then address the challenges of supporting your argument with this audience.
Establish a goal that you hope to accomplish with this essay. What will this essay need to successfully meet your goal?
Determine three key points that will help support your argument.
Provide a brief description of at least two sources that support the key points of your argument.
First, list the authors and titles of each source. These sources may be books or articles you identified in a previous assignment.
Then provide a brief description of how each source may reinforce your argument.
Explain how you plan to effectively integrate evidence in the essay.
Guidelines for Submission
Your assignment must be written in MLA or APA format. Use double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins.
BELOW ARE THE WRITING NOTES I HAVE DONE:
Main topic: Proper staffing
Sub-topics:
Adequate patient care
Reduction of caregiver burnout
Enrichment of caregiver morale
Adequate patient care: Proper staffing reduces the risk of hospital-acquired infections (infection control). Decrease in falls and injuries for patients. Lessens the possibility of readmissions along with shorter times spent in the hospital. Provides longer one on one time with each patient.
Reduction of caregiver burnout: Providing care is not always easy and often comes with several tasks that must be done around the clock. If a hospital or nursing home is understaffed, that means whatever amount of caregivers they have will be responsible for the patients or residents. Too many patients or residents for each caregiver in their facility leads to burnout. Caregivers become tired and angry that so much must be accomplished with little help. This decreases the quality of care and the original passion with which these caregivers started their jobs. Caregiver burnout also typically has caregiver injury with it as well, such as injured shoulders or back due to having the lifting and straining that they endure every day at work but having that doubled because they have to take on more than the average amount of daily patients because of lack of staff.
Enrichment of caregiver morale:
Workload stability builds relationships between caregivers, management, and patients. Proper staffing reduces on-the-job injuries. When caregivers have the peace of a routine at work and know that their leadership will ensure they are not injured and overworked, this creates a better work attitude. If caregivers feel appreciated and respected, they will work harder and have an eager attitude. This also leads to better teamwork, which we need and want in the healthcare field. The patients get better quality of care when everyone in the facility works together.

Categories
History

I recommend you do this in the first paragraph on the body.

Second, give your reader a sense of how the author defines a civilization and the number and type of (as in what sort of) “civilizations” he sees the world being divided into. I recommend you do this in the first paragraph on the body.
Third, you will need to locate and describe all of Huntington’s sub-arguments which are used to support his main argument.
Fourth, in order to properly assess Huntington’s argument, I have assigned a very short article (2 pages) by David Brooks titled “Huntington’s Clash Revisited.” Take a paragraph to discuss Brooks’ most salient criticisms of Huntington’s argument (where he thinks Huntington erred.)
Fifth, mention in a short paragraph your own thoughts on Huntington’s argument
Finally, revisit the big argument Huntington makes, acknowledge lack of universal acceptance, and give a final judgement
Things to keep in mind:
I am not too worried about formatting and do not require you to include a bibliography as we are dealing with two common provided sources and what you need to to introduce Huntington and Brook. , but I do want you to use footnotes for citation in Turabian style and include page numbers (first reference to article or reviews has to be a full citation.)
Essay length should be between three and four pages.
Use 12 pt. easily readable print-style fonts (like courier for example but choice is yours) , double space sentences, and utilize normal (Word default) 1 inch margins.
Read the material, including prompt, very carefully. Be sure to contact us early with any questions you might have so that we can help guide you.
Recall you can ask for assistance from me and from your TA. Let me also urge you to use the history tutors’ services.
Rather than grading you on your original thesis statement in the Introduction, you will be graded on how well you have summarized and described Huntington’s main argument/thesis. You will then be graded on how well you describe each successive sub-argument presented by Huntington to support his main argument. Points will be deducted for each missed or badly explained sub-argument. You must clearly explain each of those sub-arguments and explain and how they connect/support his main argument. As always, quality of writing (grammar: spelling, word choice, syntax…) will affect the grade. We will certainly consider whether quote the article and cite it (in Turabian/Chicago style) as necessary.

Categories
Education

-how would you incorporate the 3 modalities in the lesson

1.Scaffolding &2.Vigorsky.
-how are helpful in a Gen Ed and
– Special Ed
#2 Howard Garcher
– describe 3 muliple intelligence
– Pick a topic to teach
-how would you incorporate the 3 modalities in the lesson
#3 methods you would use in planning to teach math
– unit planning
– daily Planning
– long-range planning
pick one Piaget stages dev. explain 3. or 3 of
Eriksons stages dev
Stages by either
one
-how are progets + Eriksons stoges diff

Categories
Public Administration

How do these verses of scripture impact the way in which you address public policy issues and pursue political agendas?

Analyze the biblical principles found in 1 John 4:13-21. How do these verses of Scripture impact the way in which you address public policy issues and pursue political agendas? Provide four (4) specific ways in which these verses can positively alter the course of both politics and policymaking.

Categories
Nursing

Please review the assignment rubric:

this week’s writing assignment will consist of the following: Select a particular area of nursing that is of interest to you and write a short essay of 150-300 words about the specifics of nursing research in relation to this area, what can be accomplished by it, and why you believe it to be valuable. Include an explanation of the following questions in your response.
• What role does nursing research play in the development of applied medicine?
• What are the best methods for conducting such research? Include specific topics you will cover and how this relates to your literature review. You may need to use the Internet for help.
Please review the Assignment Rubric:

Categories
Economics

Write a 500 to 750 word essay about:

Write a 500 to 750 word essay about:
– The importance of consumer AND investor confidence for the economy. Make sure that your articles include the authors’ opinions.
This should include an introductory paragraph with a solid thesis statement, a concluding paragraph, and a works cited page, in MLA format

Categories
International Affairs/Relations

How does state sovereignty shape international law – and for good or ill?

PLEASE READ
I am attaching a 2 page paper. I Need 2 more pages written, that is the assignment.
I currently have references. I need at least 2 more added with the files attached.
I will add instructions to the essay
Instructions
You will need to formulate an argument that significantly focuses and refines one of these topics. You do not need to answer all the questions presented with each topic, or accept the premises of any of the questions. If you would like to write on a different topic, please clear it with me first. Demonstrate your engagement with the readings by including many citations, using an in-text citation style of your choice. Please use short quotations of one or two sentences at a maximum.
TOPIC
How Does State Sovereignty Shape International Law – and for Good or Ill?
How does sovereignty affect international law – and is that effect generally positive or negative? (Define “positive” and “negative” however you like.) Write an essay that addresses this topic by drawing on the assigned readings (and podcast), and legal instruments we have examined.

Categories
Other

What are your personal feelings of cliques as they relate to team building?

In Chapter 6, the textbook discusses informal groups and their ability to control the rate of production of a team. Informal groups can evolve into cliques. Cliques can easily lead to misunderstandings and, in some instances, hostility. According to the textbook, cliques generally fall into one of three categories: horizontal, random, or vertical.
Describe each of the three categories. As a supervisor, what do you see as positive and negative attributes of each of the three clique categories? What are your personal feelings of cliques as they relate to team building?
Text Book: Miller, L. S., More, H. W., & Braswell, M. C. (2020). Effective Police Supervision (9th ed.). Taylor & Francis.

Categories
Statistics

C) longitudinal versus cross-sectional studies

You should incorporate ONE of the following characteristics:
A) Observational versus experimental studies
B) Prospective vs retrospective studies
C) Longitudinal versus cross-sectional studies