Categories
Geology

Please follow the pdfs

for this assignment you will record your water use and write a short commentary on it
INSTURCTIONDS GIVE IN THE PDF FILE
KINDLY FOLLOW THE RUBRIC AND THE INSTRUCTIONS
PLEASE FOLLOW THE PDFS

Categories
Geology

It can be less than 275 words as well.

Write your opinions/ thoughts about the youtube video provided below, you do not need to cite or write a full page. It can be less than 275 words as well. VIDEO IS THE ONLY SOURCE!

Categories
Geology

Go through the processes, or steps, explaining how this can happen.

Under Mount Kilauea on the Big Island of Hawaii is a large magma chamber. In this discussion, explain how the material in the magma chamber can eventually become a sedimentary rock. Go through the processes, or steps, explaining how this can happen. Be sure to explain in some detail how the material in the magma chamber can change, step-by-step, into a sedimentary rock. Hint: Think about and review the rock cycle.

Categories
Geology

Ziggi.

The references look great, but there are still a couple of issues. First, they need to be listed in alphabetical order. Second, I’m not seeing references for your images listed in your references. For example your figure caption for painite is: Fig 12: Painite Image Credit: crystal-treasure.com
Your citation should also be in the author, year format: Fig 12: Painite (Ziggi, n.d.). I couldn’t find any other name except Ziggi or that specific image, so I’m going to make up part of the reference:
Ziggi. (n.d.). Painite crystals (in italics) [Photograph]. treasurecove.com. URL.
For gypsum, it looks like the image came from the same source as your value information. Since the formatting is different, you would need two Sanz et al. references and each would have a lower case letter letter:
For the value information:
Sanz, J., Tomasa, O., Jimenez-Franco, A., Sidki-Rius, N. (2022). Gypsum. In: Elements and Mineral
Resources. Springer Textbooks in Earth Sciences, Geography and Environment. Springer, Cham.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85889-6_89
For the Photograph if there is no specific person listed as the photographer (I can’t access the book to find out), then:
Sanz, J., Tomasa, O., Jimenez-Franco, A., Sidki-Rius, N. (2022). Gypsum (in italics) [Photograph]. Elements and Mineral Resources. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85889-6_89
You can also make other revision besides the references including adding the heading slides and addressing all the information needed.
Can you adding the heading slides and addressing all the information needed.

Categories
Geology

Your figure caption should contain a figure number, description of the image and an in-text citation.

Textbook Readings:
Chapter 8: Measuring Geologic Time (p. 258-293)
Chapter 9: Earth’s Interior (p. 294-318)
Chapter 10: Plate Tectonics (p. 319-361)
Completely and thoroughly answer all questions for each unit’s focus question.
Provide APA citations for any sources used, including your textbook or governmental websites.
I want to remind you that you need to use APA styled in-text citations and references in your posts. If you had a chance to look over the announcements, you know that plagiarism is more than just copying and pasting (or making slight changes to copied and pasted material), not correctly citing and referencing your posts is also considered plagiarism.
Since this is the first discussion of the term, I wanted to go over a few things so you understand what I expect your posts to look like. Your posts need to include both APA styled in-text citations and references listed in a separate section. You may remember from the announcements, that APA styled in-text citations are author, date citations and that there are 2 types, parenthetical and narrative. Parenthetical citations are found at the end of a sentence within a set of parenthesis while narrative citations are included within the sentence structure.
I do realize that many of you may not be familiar with citing or referencing, so a good “rule of thumb” to remember is that every fact needs cited, unless it is common knowledge (i.e. the sky is blue). A word of warning, I don’t consider much of the information within this course common knowledge. This means that it is likely that every sentence you write will have a citation. This is fine, it is much better to over cite your work than it is to under cite it.
Once you are more familiar with using in-text citations you may want to consider implementing what I call “bookending” your citations. I believe one of the announcement videos referred to it as “weaving the narrative”. This option should only be used in you have multiple sentences that all contain information from a single source. To implement bookending, your first sentence needs a citation and the last sentence, containing information from that same source, needs the same citation. By including the same citations in the first and last sentences you are inferring that all the information presented in the intervening sentences is from that same source. It warrants repeating, that is is only an option if all your information came from the same source. If you are confused, don’t worry, you will see an example shortly.
For one topic, I am going to show you how a post would look with a citation for every sentence and then by “bookending” the citations, using both narrative and parenthetical citations. I’m also adding a figure to show you how to treat any figures you may include. Including figures is not necessary and most students don’t. In the past, students have occasionally added figures, but they were never cited and referenced correctly, hence the example. If you see that pesky “access denied” message instead of the figure, just imagine the Distribution of Earth’s Water from Layered Earth’s Hydrosphere lesson (A1-3).
If you include a figure, make sure that you add a figure caption. Your figure caption should contain a figure number, description of the image and an in-text citation. Your description doesn’t have to be long, but it should contain an adequate enough description that your reader would know what the image is without reading your post. Also, there should always be a reference to your figure in your text. Don’t just stick a random image at the bottom of your post, you need to tie it into your post by referring to the figure number. Lastly, your figure caption text should always be smaller than your main text. I usually use 8 pt for figure captions.
Below are the post examples. I am purposely keeping my post very short and only posting about 1 topic in order to leave plenty of options open for you to use in your posts. I expect more substance from your posts. I’m also only adding the figure once rather than repeating it for each example.
Citation style: Single source and every sentence cited but the common knowledge sentence:
Topic 1: Discuss the distribution of Earth’s water
Earth isn’t known as the “blue planet” for nothing. According to Simulation Curriculum (n.d.), 71% of Earth’s surface is covered by water. Figure 1 indicates that 97% of Earth’s water is salinated while only 3% is fresh (Simulation Curriculum, n.d). Fresh water is classified as surface water, ground water or ice (Simulation Curriculum, n.d.). Surface water is found in found in rivers, swamps or lakes (Simulation Curriculum, n.d).
Citation style: Single source and Bookending:
Topic 1: Discuss the distribution of Earth’s water
Earth isn’t known as the “blue planet” for nothing. According to Simulation Curriculum (n.d.), 71% of Earth’s surface is covered by water. Figure 1 indicates that 97% of Earth’s water is salinated while only 3% is fresh water. They classify fresh water as surface water, ground water or ice. Surface water is found in found in rivers, swamps or lakes (Simulation Curriculum, n.d).
Citation style: Multiple sources: (Note: you can combine bookending and single sentence citations in the same paragraph)
Topic 1: Discuss the distribution of Earth’s water
Earth isn’t known as the “blue planet” for nothing. According to Simulation Curriculum (n.d.), 71% of Earth’s surface is covered by water. Figure 1 indicates that 97% of Earth’s water is salinated while only 3% is fresh water. They classify fresh water as surface water, ground water or ice. Surface water is found in found in rivers, swamps or lakes (Simulation Curriculum, n.d.). Contamination of surface water is an increasingly common problem as precipitation transfers harmful substances from the atmosphere to rivers, swamps and lakes (Dudhia, 1989; Đorđević et al., 2005; Keresztesi et al., 2020).

Categories
Geology

Palladium

Choose one precious metal:
Gold
Silver
Platinum
Palladium
Rhodium
Write a two-page report that:
Summarizes its mineralogy, ores, and geologic occurrence(s)
Analyzes its role in human civilization
Discusses its future availability and consequences of resource depletion.
Profiles the history of one major mine, including environmental issues and resolutions.

Categories
Geology

please write one page from the attached research paper ONLY about focusing on Mi

please write one page from the attached research paper ONLY about focusing on Mississippian Limestone characteristics in terms of lithology, formation, and depositional environment. In addition, include the petroleum analysis of this formation and its importance in oil production. (PLEASE USE ONLY THE ATTACHED FILES).

Categories
Geology

Descripe the area you see in the uplouded picture, focusing on the overall lands

Descripe the area you see in the uplouded picture, focusing on the overall landscape, the topogrraphy and likely geologic units

Categories
Geology

the answer must be in “essay style”. A1. Where are the major concentrations of t

the answer must be in “essay style”.
A1. Where are the major concentrations of the world’s earthquakes? What is the main type of plate boundary there? Are earthquake and volcano locations related to the Pacific “Ring of Fire”? Give some specific geologic locations around the ring. What major submarine geologic feature is located near most of the Pacific ring? Explain how earthquake and volcano locations help support the theory of plate tectonics.
A2. What are the geologic differences between continental plates and oceanic plates? Which plate type is associated with mainly extrusive igneous rocks, and which is associated with mainly intrusive igneous rocks? What is the major igneous rock type forming the deep-ocean basins and what is the major igneous rock type forming the base of all the continents? Describe each rock type and how they differ. How is this difference related to the depths of the oceans and the higher elevations of the continents? Make sure that you use specific plates as examples of each. How are the crustal plates related to the asthenosphere? What is isostacy? Explain.

Categories
Geology

Instructions: The following questions correspond to pages 17-21 in your Geotours

Instructions:
The following questions correspond to pages 17-21 in your Geotours Workbook (2nd ed.). There is no time limit once you enter this assignment, however you may only attempt the assignment once. Feel free to answer the questions first in your Geotours Workbook, and then submit your answers here!
The correct answers will be visible on the day after the due date, if you would like to revisit any of these concepts.
Geotours Resources:
Google Earth – Open the 2. Exploring Geology Using Geotours > A. Earth & Sky folder.
Problem Materials – Double-click each problem to travel to the appropriate location with the prescribed perspective/zoom. Check the box next to the problem to make the placemark appear for that problem.
Earth & Sky Geotours Library – Explore additional Geotours in this folder to help answer problems. The library should appear below Problem 18 in the Earth & Sky folder.
Essentials of Geology (6th Edition (Links to an external site.) or 7th Edition (Links to an external site.)) – Consult your textbook to help answer some questions.
Questions (edited for clarity, but still correspond to the problems in your workbook; click here to download a PDF versionActions ):
Problem 1. Stellar Nursery – Pillars of Creation, Eagle Nebula. The Pillars of Creation are large, dense masses of dust and interstellar gas (mostly molecular hydrogen) that rise from the stellar nursery of the Eagle Nebula (M16). Here, dense pockets of dust and gas collapse in on themselves to form young stars. The Pillars of Creation are located about 6500 light years from Earth, and the left-most pillar has a current length of approximately 4 light years.
If a light year (the distance light travels in one year) is about 9.5 trillion km, what is the length of the left-most pillar (in km)?
Problem 2. Main Sequence Stars – Tau Ceti. If protostars accumulate sufficient mass as they develop, collapsing gas and dust may reach temperatures where hydrogen fuses into helium. Once hydrogen fusion occurs, stars become stable between the competing forces of fusion and gravity and are considered main sequence stars. Both our Sun and Tau Ceti are currently in this stage (both are considered yellow dwarf stars). For most stars, the main sequence stage lasts the longest.
From your textbook, we know that the amount of mass is inversely proportional to how fast a star burns. Which type of star will have the longer main sequence stage, and therefore, “live” the longest?
Problem 3. Red Giant Stars – Aldebaran. Eventually, the majority of hydrogen in the core of the main sequence stars is consumed, and the core collapses due to gravity. Very low-mass stars form white dwarf stars, whereas most other stars collapse and heat up until helium fusion begins. This fusion causes the star to expand outward several times larger than before, forming a red giant star (making the star cooler…Aldebaran is an example). When this happens to our Sun (in about 4.5 billion to 5 billion years), what is the most likely scenario for Earth?
Problem 4. Planetary Nebula/White Dwarf Stars – Little Ghost Nebula. Some red giant stars develop into planetary nebulas as their cores continue to contract, to increase in temperature, and to burn and vent the remaining gases into interstellar space. Eventually, the core collapses to the point where it is hot enough to ionize the vented gases, forming a relatively short-lived (~10,000-20,000 years) planetary nebula. The remaining core collapses into a white dwarf star. The vented materials from the planetary nebula play an important role in enriching the universe in elements with atomic weights less than 26 (forming the basis for carbon-based life like ourselves).
From your understanding of the assigned reading, which type of star will form a planetary nebula?
Problem 5. Nebular Supernova – Crab Nebula. Some red giant stars undergo a violent supernova explosion as opposed to forming planetary nebulas. From your understanding of the assigned reading, which type of star will form a supernova?
Problem 6. Nebular Supernova – Crab Nebula. The Crab Nebula represents a violent supernova explosion of a star (likely a third, fourth, or even later generation star). Heavy elements with atomic weights greater than 26 (and some with lesser atomic weights between oxygen and iron) were likely generated during this explosion. Which element probably formed in a supernova? Hint: refer to the periodic table in the back of your textbook (page A-2).
Problem 7. Spiral Galaxy – M51. This image is of a spiral galaxy (M51) that resembles what our Milky Way might look like if viewed from outside the galaxy. Note how the curved spiral arms develop around the more quickly rotating central cluster of stars. Looking at the spiral arms from this viewpoint, in what direction is this galaxy rotating? Hint: imagine the arms were water circulating around a whirlpool.
Problem 8. Impact Features – Moon. Apollo 11 (Problem 8a placemark) touched down in the smooth, dark Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility), whereas Apollo 16 (Problem 8b placemark) landed in the Descartes lunar highlands. Which region shows impact features that are larger in size and that have a higher concentration density?
Problem 9. Impact Features – Moon. Based on your answer to Question 8, which rock unit on the surface of the Moon is the youngest (and has therefore experienced fewer impacts)?
Problem 10. Impact Features – Moon. Turn off Layers > Moon Gallery > Historic Maps > Geologic Charts. Study the near side of the Moon (always faces toward Earth and has thinner crust) relative to the far side of the Moon (always faces away from Earth and has thicker crust). Which of the following best describes the nature of the dark maria?
Problem 11. Impact Features – Manicouagan Crater, Canada. Check both boxes for Problem 11 to make both placemarks appear. Use the Ruler tool to determine the present-day diameter of Manicouagan Crater (click and drag your cursor between the two placemarks. Don’t forget to clear the ruler before using it for the next problem).
Problem 12. Impact Features – Meteor Crater, AZ. Just like the previous problem, use the Ruler tool to determine the present-day diameter of Meteor Crater between the Problem 12 placemarks.
Problem 13. Impact Features – Manicouagan Crater, Canada & Meteor Crater, AZ.
Assume that a 40 m diameter meteorite created Meteor Crater. Although clearly an oversimplification, use a simple ratio between meteorite diameter and crater diameter to estimate the size of meteorite that might have created Manicouagan Crater. Hint: use the crater diameters measured for Problems 11 & 12. If you use a simple ratio, you won’t need to convert any units.
Problem 14. Impact Features – Parameters Influencing the Nature of Impact Features. On your web browser, go to the Earth Impact Effects Program website at https://impact.ese.ic.ac.uk/ImpactEarth/ImpactEffects/ (Links to an external site.)
This site estimates the consequences of an impact as a function of various parameters, including the size, velocity, and composition of the meteorite. Perform two trials to investigate the “impact” of changing projectile density by entering the following parameters: 
Distance from Impact– 1000 km  
Projectile Diameter– Manicouagan’s meteorite diameter (Problem 13, in m)
Projectile Density– Trial 1-ice (comet) and Trial 2-iron (some asteroids)  
Impact Velocity– 20 km/s  
Impact Angle– 45 degrees  
Target Type– Crystalline Rock
After comparing the two trials, which of the following statements is true?
Problem 15. Solar System – Scaling. Turn on the Scaled Solar System folder by clicking the check box next to it. Double-click the folder icon to zoom out to space to see the solar system scaled from Los Angeles, CA (Sun) to New York, NY (Neptune). Click on the placemarks in this folder to see numerical information about original and/or scaled parameters, such as object radius, orbital radius (distance from the Sun), and distance between objects.
The inner planets of our solar system can be classified as rocky, terrestrial (Earth-like) planets, whereas the outer planets are considered giant, gaseous Jovian (Jupiter-like) planets. Which of the following is correct relative to the scaled solar system model shown?
Problem 16. Solar System – Scaling. Assume that you and a friend are each capable of traveling a straight-line path from Earth to Jupiter. You take a spacecraft that is capable of traveling an average speed of 70,811 km/hr (44,000 mi/hr) to the actual planet while your friend drives a vehicle at an average speed of 112.7 km/hr (70 mi/hr) along the red line of the scaled solar system. Which answer below is correct?
Hint: use the chart in the placemark to find the scaled distance from Earth to Jupiter, and the unscaled distance between their orbital radii. Review the video on unit conversions to guide your calculations.
Problem 17. Solar System – Scaling. When you look at Neptune in a telescope, you are actually looking into the past as the light has to travel from Neptune to your eyes. If the speed of light is ~300,000 km/s, how far back into the past are you looking (or put another way, how long does it take light to travel from Neptune to your eyes on Earth)? Hint: don’t forget to check the units of your final calculation!
Problem 18. Solar System – Scaling. Double-click the Problem 18 placemark to see the scaled size of Venus. Using this scaled model, what most closely approximates the area “footprint” of Venus?
Extra Credit: Use your textbook to help you answer the short answer question(s) below for additional points on this lab assignment. Your score will be unaffected if you chose not to respond, or if your response is incorrect.
EC.1 (2 pts): What is the ecliptic, and why are the orbits of the planets within the ecliptic? Why is Pluto no longer considered to be a planet?
EC.2 (1 pts): Why is the Earth spherical?
EC.3 (1 pts): Are all the stars that we see today considered to be first-generation stars? Why or why not?